The biggest five coal producing provinces in China - Hebei, Jiangsu, Shandong, Liaoning and Shanxi – produced 45.53 million tonnes of pig iron in October, rising 19.41% year on year but ticking down 0.22% from September, according to the latest data from the National Bureau of Statistics, (NBS).
The figure accounted for 59.8% of China's total pig iron output, narrowing by 0.4 percentage point from the previous month.
In the first ten months this year, these five provinces produced a total of 451.26 million tonnes of pig iron, representing 60.8% of China's total, of which pig iron output of Hebei province took up 26.2%.
Eight provinces and autonomous regions' pig iron output exceeded 20 million tonnes over January-October. Pig iron output of the top five provinces of Hebei, Jiangsu, Shandong, Liaoning and Shanxi all surpassed 50 million tonnes, reaching 193.98, 83.89, 62.53, 60.53 and 50.34 million tonnes respectively.
In October, China's pig iron output added up to 76.17 million tonnes, up 16.15% year on year and slightly up 0.51% month on month. The average daily output in the month was calculated to be 2.46 million tonnes, 69,000 tonnes or 2.73% lower from September.
The data refers to steel enterprises with annual main business income above 20 million yuan ($3.04 million).
During January-October, the output of pig iron in China hit 741.70 million tonnes, a 9.85% rise from the year-ago level.
In October, pig iron output of the top five provinces exceeded 5 million tonnes, of which Hebei produced 18.84 million tonnes (-0.78% MoM), Jiangsu made 8.94 million tonnes (+1.82% MoM), Shandong produced 6.31 million tonnes (-0.96% MoM), Liaoning made 6.05 million tonnes (-1.67% MoM) and Shanxi produced 5.39 million tonnes (+1.01% MoM).
Pig iron output of the top province - Hebei was 2.1 times that of the second -Jiangsu province. Hebei's pig iron output accounted for 24.7% of China's total, 0.4% smaller compared with September.
In particular, nine out of 28 provinces and regions saw pig iron output decline from a month ago. Tianjin's pig iron output dropped the most deeply by 20.03% or 417,000 tonnes to 1.67 million tonnes; followed by Guizhou, whose pig iron output fell 14.2% from September to 278,000 tonnes.
The smallest decline was seen in Xinjiang, at 0.43% to 1.17 million tonnes; followed by Shaanxi, whose pig iron output ticked down 0.66% to 1.05 million tonnes. Among the 20 provinces and regions, decline volumes of Tianjin's pig iron production were the second largest behind Tianjin, at 149,000 tonnes or 0.78% on the month.
Among the 19 provinces with positive month-on-month growth, the largest growth was in Inner Mongolia, at 13.88% to 2.19 million tonnes; followed by Guangdong, at 10.64% to 1.97 million tonnes. The smallest increase was in Heilongjiang, at 0.27% to 736,000 tonnes; followed by Jiangxi, at 0.56% to 1.98 million tonnes.
The largest increase volumes were also in Inner Mongolia, at 267,000 tonnes; followed by Guangdong, at 189,000 tonnes. Heilongjiang also showed the least growth volumes, at 2,000 tonnes; followed by Ningxia, at 7,000 tonnes.
There was no pig iron output in Beijing, Hainan and Tibet.
(Writing by Shengnan Liu Editing by Tammy Yang)
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