China is making an all-out effort to accelerate upgrading of the winter heating system in switch to gas or electricity from dirty coal in northern cities, to battle increasingly serious air pollution.
In March, the government listed Beijing, Tianjin and another 26 cities in Shanxi, Hebei, Henan and Shandong ("2+26" cities) as the first batch of cities in China to upgrade winter heating system.
Specifically, Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei's Langfang and Baoding were asked to complete construction of "non-coal zones" by end-October; the rest 24 cities should finish the switch for 50-100 thousand households each before the deadline.
Recently, Shanxi, Hebei and other northern provinces widened areas of the reform beyond the "2+26" cities.
Here is a summary of related policies of northern China provinces.
The province asked six cities to finish construction of the "non-coal zones" and ban all "San Mei" burning (primarily used for scattered end users like households) by end-October. These six cities are Taiyuan, Yangquan, Changzhi and Jincheng that also belong to the "2+26" cities, and Linfeng and Jinzhong.
At least 1 million households should switch to electricity or gas for heating in the central province by October 31. Zhengzhou, Kaifeng and other nine cities and counties not only need to complete the upgrading for over 470,000 households, but also ensure "San Mei" burning houses should be no more than 20% in their villages.
The province should complete the switch to gas or power for 1.8 million households by October 31. Langfang and Baoding, which are adjacent to Beijing and Tianjin, should finish construction of "non-coal zones" and eliminate all the burning of "San Mei".
The average PM2.5 concentration should reduce more than 15% in autumn and winter in line with the comparable period last year. Coal consumption should be cut by over 6 million tonnes in the entire year.
The Shandong government asked seven cities belonging to the "2+26" cities to finish coal-to-gas or electricity transition at more than 50 thousand households each, and encouraged all other cities to upgrade heating system.
The northwestern China's province urged all areas that are covered by natural gas network and able to receive natural gas supply to actively push ahead with coal-to-gas conversion project.
(Writing by Alex Guo Editing by Harry Huo)
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