China is currently planning a 800-MW wind farm off the coast of eastern China's Yancheng, which will surpass the UK's 630-MW London Array as the world's largest offshore wind farm.
Yancheng Wind is currently set to enter operation in 2018, said its operator State Power Investment Corporation recently, one of the country's main power producers.
The National Energy Administration (NEA) adopted the Chinese government's 13th Wind Energy Development Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) for 205 GW of onshore wind and 5GW of offshore wind.
According to one report, China is on track to install at least 110.4 GW of onshore wind capacity over the next three years. This would increase the country's cumulative installed capacity by 2020 to about 264 GW, far surpassing the original target of 210 GW set during the 13th Five-Year Plan period.
However, analysis from MAKE Consulting suggests that the annual grid-connected capacity from 2017 to 2020 will be less than 25 GW in China, mainly because of curtailment restraints — meaning wind is available but left unused.
Curtailment occurs for any number of reasons including grid congestion, oversupply, or operational issues.
Wind is expected to make huge progress offshore in China at a gigawatt-level annually starting in 2018, and MAKE believes it will reach 26 GW by the end of 2026. This makes sense because China is currently on track to build world's largest offshore wind farm.
Overall, MAKE's 10-year wind-power outlook for China consists of steady annual capacity additions from 2017 to 2026, resulting in a cumulative grid-connected capacity of 403 GW by the end of 2026. And, given the rate at which the country has added PV to its electric grid, possibly it's a far too modest prediction.
In terms of solar photovoltaic market, China's solar PV capacity this summer hit the 112-GW mark after the install of 35 GW in just seven months. To give that number perspective, that is more than twice as much the amount of solar PV installed by any other country in all of 2016. It also means total PV capacity now exceeds the Chinese government's 2020 goal, set just last year.
Near the end of 2016, the NEA adopted the 13th Solar Energy Development Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) for 105 GW of solar PV by 2020.
(Writing by Alex Guo Editing by Harry Huo)
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