China is considering forcing steel and aluminum producers to cut more output, banning coal in one of the country's top ports and shutting some fertilizer and drug plants as Beijing intensifies its war on smog, Reuters reported on February 13, citing a draft policy document.
The Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) has proposed the measures in the document. If implemented, they would be some of the most radical steps so far to tackle air quality in the country's most polluted cities.
The move comes after China's northeast has battled some of the worst pollution in years as emissions from heavy industry, coal burning in winter and increased transport have left major cities including Beijing blanketed in thick smog.
The document outlines plans to cut steel and fertilizer capacity by at least half and aluminum capacity by at least 30% in 28 cities across five regions from around late November to late February.
By July, it would stop Tianjin, one of the nation's busiest ports, handling coal, with shipments diverted to Tangshan, 130 kms (80 miles) to the north, which would shift large volumes of coal transport from trucks to rail.
Tianjin, China's second largest by cargo volume, is the key hub for trading 100 million tonnes a year of seaborne coal and domestic coal that flows south from Inner Mongolia, the report said.
By September, ports in Hebei province would not be allowed to use trucks to carry coal from railways to ships.
Based on the cuts over three months, the measures would reduce China's total annual steel output by 8% annually and aluminum output by 17%t, according to calculations.
A source said the environmental watchdog has distributed the draft to relevant local governments and companies seeking reaction. It's not known when the Ministry expects to decide on whether to implement the plan, one of the most extreme since the government launched its offensive on pollution three years ago.
If introduced, the steps would likely further support rallies in aluminum, steel and coal prices, which have been buoyed by China's efforts to shut excess capacity and clean up polluting sectors.
Highlighting the difficulties enforcing that policy, Greenpeace said that China's operational steel capacity actually rose in 2016 after a high-profile closure program concentrated on already idled plants.
Still, prolonged cuts in capacity will reignite worries about demand for raw materials like iron ore and coking coal.
The steps will also cause major upheaval for utilities, miners and traders, as they seek alternative routes and storage for their coal.
The plans go further than an earlier proposal by Beijing's regional environmental watchdog to ban coal trucks and storage in Tianjin, which it estimated would cost the port 670 million yuan ($97 million) a year in business.
The five regions affected are some of the most populated and most smog-plagued: Beijing, the port city of Tianjin and the neighboring province of Hebei, as well as Shandong, Shanxi and Henan.
They account for one third of China's crude steel output, while Hebei, Henan and Shandong are the top three aluminum producing regions accounting for around 70% of total output.
(Writing by Tammy Yang Editing by Harry Huo)
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